Treating Alzheimer’s Symptoms with Acupuncture
The ancient Chinese method of acupuncture has been used for thousands of years throughout the world. It is a widely accepted practice in the West that has been shown to help treat a long list of ailments.
A number of studies have shown that acupuncture can also have a positive effect on Alzheimer’s disease, improving mood as well as cognitive skills. Learn more about acupuncture and what it can do to help people living with Alzheimer’s.
What is Acupuncture?
For the last 2,500 years, acupuncture has been used to treat a variety of ailments. The ancient Chinese practice theorizes that there are patterns of energy called Qi, that flow through the body and are essential for good health. When Qi is interrupted, it is believed that disease can occur. Acupuncturists feel they can fix the disruption by inserting needles in specific locations to help restore the correct energy flow and treat the disease.
Acupuncture is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration in the U.S. and is now widely practiced in the West. Although there have been many studies to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture, many are inconclusive because of the strong possibility for a placebo effect. However, promising results have been reported when acupuncture has been used for treatment for a variety of ailments including:
Nausea and vomiting following chemotherapy and/or operations
Low back pain
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Positive Effects of Acupuncture on Alzheimer’s
Two separate studies have shown that acupuncture may be able to help people with Alzheimer’s. In both studies, researchers found that acupuncture could improve the lives of people with the disease by increasing verbal and motor skills and improving their mood and cognitive function.
The study conducted at Wellesley College in 2000 concluded that acupuncture could treat anxiety and depression for people who have Alzheimer’s. The study involved 11 participants who were diagnosed with Alzheimer’s or Vascular Dementia. Participants received acupuncture treatments 2-3 times per week for three months. Following treatment, researchers evaluated the mood of participants and found substantial increases in mood, energy and pain from other ailments caused by aging. Dr. Nancy Emerson Lombardo of Wellesley College and lead researcher encouraged caregivers and patients to give acupuncture a try, saying:
“I think people should check it out. Besides anxiety and depression, they are likely to have other issues such as pain that can be helped with acupuncture.”
A second study was completed at the University of Hong Kong in 2000. This study administered acupuncture treatments to eight patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s. Participants received acupuncture for 7 days in a row, followed by 3 days of rest for one month. The research team concluded that after treatments were finished, participants shows significant improvement in memory and attention, as well as increased motor and verbal skills.
While neither study provides conclusive evidence that acupuncture can definitively treat Alzheimer’s, their studies show promising results and lay the foundation for longer and more controlled studies which could drastically improve the lives of people living with Alzheimer’s.
Their results have launched more research in evaluating the effects of acupuncture on the brain, which confirmed that acupuncture activated regions of the brain that were impaired in people who had Alzheimer’s, giving more credence to the theory that acupuncture can have a potential positive effect on memory.
ACUPUNCTURE POINTS TO ALZHEIMER’S HELP
Published on: February 7, 2014
by Health CMi:
Researchers find that acupuncture may help Alzheimer’s disease patients. The researchers note that their findings suggest that acupuncture improves memory and prevents degradation of brain tissue. They note “that EA (electroacupuncture) may be a promising treatment for AD (Alzheimer’s disease)” and “may improve cognitive function.”
The findings are a result of a controlled laboratory experiment on cognitively impaired mice with AD. The researchers measured improved cognition, improved brain cell repair and a reduction of brain pathological morphology as a result of electroacupuncture treatments. The results point to a possible treatment modality that may help Alzheimer’s disease patients.
Alzheimer’s disease is a common ailment manifesting in memory loss, dementia and other forms of cognitive impairment. Globally, dementia affects over 24 million individuals and about 70% is due to Alzheimer’s disease. Brain changes in AD patients involve excess “deposition of amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and selective neuronal loss in the frontal and temporal cortices, as well as in the hippocampus of the brain.” The research on the effects of acupuncture on AD is hopeful. It was demonstrated that electroacupuncture induces brain cell repair in the affected regions and can prevent the excess buildup of deleterious plaques.
Electroacupuncture reduces brain plaque proliferation associated with Alzheimer’s disease and concomitant dementia. The researchers identified the biochemical actions by which electroacupuncture exerts this therapeutic effect. Electroacupuncture decreases the formation of Aβ-42 deposits. These plaque deposits lead to neuron loss, memory impairment and dementia. Aβ1-42 deposits are cytotoxic and are a biomarker of Alzheimer’s disease. The researchers discovered that electroacupuncture “was a feasible and effective way for lowering Aβ1-42 deposits….” This is important because Aβ antagonists help to restore memory lost due to Aβ deposits in the brain.
Neurogenesis, the creation of neurons, is the process by which neurons are generated from neural stem cells and progenitor cells. Alzheimer ’s disease is marked by a significant reduction in brain neurogenesis, especially in the hippocampus. The researchers discovered that repeated electroacupuncture treatments successfully increased neurogenesis in the hippocampus and cortex.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) assists in the growth and differentiation of new neurons and synapses. It is active in the hippocampus, cortex and other areas of the brain. BDNF is important in the retention of long-term memories and neurogenesis. AD patient’s have decreased levels of BDNF in the brain, especially in the hippocampus. The researchers note, “Our results showed that EA (electroacupuncture) treatment significantly increased the expression of BDNF in both the hippocampus and cortex; this suggests that the increase in BDNF may be involved in the therapeutic effect of EA for AD.” The researchers added, “Our result might suggest that electroacupuncture could induce the protective effect for the central nervous system of aging and Alzheimer’s disease.”
The researchers made some interesting observations, “In the present study, we observed that EA stimulation significantly improved the neurological behavior performance of AD mice, and reduced the deposition of Aβ in the hippocampus and cortex. At the same time, a noticeable increase in neurogenesis and BDNF expression in the hippocampus and cortex was also detected. Thus, our preliminary presumption was that EA stimulation improved neurobehavioral performance through promoting neurogenesis and BDNF expression in the brain.” They added, “In summary, the present study demonstrated that EA stimulation in Baihui (GV 20) acupoint ameliorated learning and memory deficits and reduced Aβ42 deposit in APP/PS1 mice. We propose that the underlying mechanism of EA may be related to the promotion of neurogenesis and the up-regulation of BDNF expression in the hippocampus and cortex.”
Electroacupuncture was applied to acupuncture point GV20 (DU20, Baihui) at 1mA at 2-15 Hz for 4 weeks. Treatment was applied over a period of 20 days at 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week. Electroacupuncture was applied with a Hwato brand electroacupuncture device, model SDZ-V, with dense-sparse waves. The point selection and stimulation methods were based on prior experiments demonstrating that GV20 “protects the brain from ischemic injury.”